- Step 1
Turn the emergency lights on and slowly and safely pull off the road. Find a spot that is visible but also away from traffic (of course!!) or set a few flares/emergency signs out on the road at 10-foot (3-m) intervals.
- Step 2
Apply the hand brake (importante!) and put in neutral gear so the car won't roll.
- Step 3
Take out a spare tire, leverage pipe, jack, lug-nut wrench? and (if it's dark out) flashlight (see illustration). The leverage pipe is simply a piece of hollow pipe that can help you loosen a lug nut previously tightened with an air ratchet.
- Step 4
Chock the other wheels with a large rock or a log to prevent the car from rolling.(perlukah ?? ndak pernah pula aku dengar)
- Step 5
Remove the hubcap (if necessary) with a screwdriver. Many newer cars have hubcaps that don't require removal for access to the lug nuts.(penutup tayar kan kan kan?kereta mcm lori syak sekarang ni yang masih teda hubcap)
- Step 6
Use the lug-nut wrench to loosen the lug nuts on the flat tire (but do not remove them). To loosen a bolt or nut, turn counterclockwise. Remember: lefty-loosy, righty-tighty. If it doesn't come off easily, If one lug on each wheel looks different from the rest and the lug-nut wrench doesn't fit it, then you have locking lug nuts (to prevent wheel theft). Check the glove compartment for a special key that fits on this lug nut and makes removal with the lug-nut wrench possible.
- Step 7
When all the nuts are loose, jack up the car, making sure the jack is vertical and well planted on the hard surface of the road (do not jack up a car on sand or dirt). You'll find diagrams indicating where to place the jack either in the car owner's manual or on a sticker affixed to the jack. Most cars have a small slot near each tire for the jack. Jack up the car slightly more than needed to remove the flat tire; the spare will be larger because it is full of air.
- Step 8
Remove the lug nuts. Put them in your pocket or someplace else where they won't get lost.
- Step 9
Take the flat tire off and put it in the trunk.
- Step 10
Put the spare on. If you are unsure which way the wheel goes on, look for the air-pressure valve--it always faces out.
- Step 11
Tighten the lug nuts by turning clockwise
- Step 12
Lower the car and remove the jack.
- Step 13
Tighten the lug nuts again using the leverage pipe. Make them as tight as you can.
- Step 14
Pop on the hubcap (if applicable).
- Step 15
Put everything away neatly so it's ready for next time.
- Step 16
Remove the chock, then drive to a tire shop. Most shops can fix flats while you wait, and it's usually inexpensive.